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All countries, to different extents, are facing the challenges of adaptation. Due to geographical location or socio-economic condition, some countries are more vulnerable to the impacts of climate change than others. Further, some countries are more ready to take on adaptation actions by leveraging public and private sector investments, through government action, community awareness, and the ability to facilitate private sector responses. ND-GAIN measures both of these dimensions: vulnerability and readiness


Region Type

※ Source: ND-GAIN (ND-GAIN, 2023)